Clovers

Crimson Clover

Crimson clover is a semi-upright winter annual legume that germinates quickly and prefers well drained soil. Crimson tends to remain actively growing in cooler temperatures when warmer season clovers go dormant. Crimson can be successfully established in both fall and spring. To maximize success in late summer plantings, seed at least 6-8 weeks before frost. Spring plant-ings should occur after all danger of frost has past.
• Strong nitrogen fixing and high biomass potential – N production will be greatest when termination occurs at or after bud stage
• Really good shade tolerance – suitable for interseeding plantings in grass cash crops
• Good option for hay or grazing
• Increases water-\ holding ability and flowering stands attract many beneficial insects and pollinators
• Suited for many cropping systems across the country, from potatoes to corn to wheat to cotton
• Hardy to USDA Zone 7 (0 – 5° F)

Considerations:
• Heavy stands may attract voles and other pests
• Crimson clover can cause bloat (see management guide page 15 for more information)
• Ideal pH of 5.5 – 7.0

fixation

Fixation Balansa Clover

Balansa clover is a small seeded annual legume that is quick to germinate, offers excellent forage production, and is well-adapted to a wide range of soil types. Established stands tolerate water-logging and extreme pH soils. Due to the inherent cold tolerance of Fixation Balansa Clover, it can overwinter in climates where other annual clovers cannot.

• Erosion and runoff reduced by impressive growth and root mass
• Extremely drought tolerant
• Suited for low pH environments (4.5 – 8.0)
• Great pollinator option
• Hollow stems provide greater palatability
• Dense growing clover provides good weed suppression

Considerations:
• Quick to germinate, however it is slower to establish than other clovers (crimson and red clover)
• Balansa is a prolific re-seeder; termination or grazing prior to flowering will remove the risk

Berseem Clover

Berseem clover is a summer/winter annual legume known for its ability to tolerate waterlogged soils and soil salinity, while providing higher protein levels than many other legumes. Most berseems winter kill in northern climates (hardy to USDA Zone 8 – about 15 – 20° F), however Frosty Berseem Clover brings improved winter-tolerance.

• Produces very large amount of biomass; good weed suppression
• Highly nutritious (18-28% protein)
• Non-bloating legume
• More saline tolerant than alfalfa or red clover (pH 4.8-7.8)
• Tolerates waterlogged soil
• Initial growth is slow, but then grows fast -expect forage to be ready in about 8 weeks